Social Emotional Health Survey-Higher Education Review survey

UC Mexus SEHS-HE Project UCSB Cognitive Interview Summary

UC Mexus SEHS-HE Project U De La Salle Cognitive Interview Summary

UC Mexus Project Confirmatory Factor Analyses Summary

UC Mexus Project Social Emotional Distress Scale Analyses

Recently, an upward extension of the SEHS-S was developed for use with college students and is the primary focus on this proposed project. The Social Emotional Health Survey-Higher Education (SEHS-HE), is a multidimensional measure of covitality. Scale development was carried out over 18 months at UCSB involving five phases: conceptual grounding and item pool generation; cognitive interviews and item refinement; pilot survey and item reduction; structural validation survey and analyses; and, validity and stability survey and analyses. Starting with a pool of 72 items, item selection and reduction was carried out using a sample of 771 college students. A second sample of 1,413 students (63.5% female, mean age 20 years) completed the refined 48-item measure. Confirmatory factor analyses found acceptable fit for the SEHS-HE higher-order covitality latent structure. A final set of 36 items consisted of four latent traits: belief-in-self (subscales: self-efficacy, persistence, self-awareness), belief-in-others (subscales: family support, institutional support, peer support), emotional competence (subscales: cognitive reappraisal, empathy, self-regulation), and engaged living (subscales: gratitude, zest, optimism). Complete invariance was found for males and females with small    effect size differences on latent mean scores. Evidence supported the SEHS-HE total score’s concurrent and predictive validity for students’ subjective well-being (r = .72, r = .65, respectively) and psychological distress (r = -.56, r = -.45, respectively). The four-month stability coefficient for the SEHS-HE total score was .82, indicating it measures trait-like psychological constructs.  

Update: In November 2018, as part of our ongoing efforts to refine the SEHS-HE, we completed a survey of 1,200 UC Santa Barbara students using a set of revised items, derived from a careful cognitive interview protocol with undergraduates.  We will use this dataset to see if we can further enhance the psychometric properties of the SEHS-HE.

SEHS-Higher Education Covitality Measurement Model

Key References

Jones, C. N., You, S., & Furlong, M. J. (2013). A preliminary examination of covitality as integrated wellbeing in college students. Social Indicators Research, 111, 511–526. doi:10.1007/s11205-012-0017-9

Furlong, M. J., You, S., Shishim, M., & Dowdy, E. (2016). Development and validation of the Social Emotional Health Survey–Higher Education version. Applied Research in Quality of Life, 1–25. First online, 13 April 2016. doi:10.1007/s11482-016-9464-9

Zachariah, S., Boman, P., Mergler, A., & Furlong, M. J. (2015). Effect of self-deception on well-being and anxiety in university students.  Cogent Psychology, 2, 993850, 1–17. doi:10.1080/23311908.2014.993850

© Project Covitality 2016